How to Treat Halitosis (Bad Breath)

How to Treat Halitosis

Halitosis, or Bad breath, is a common condition that affects over 50% of people worldwide. It occurs due to poor oral hygiene, dry mouth, food choices, and, in rare cases, medical conditions. Bad breath is embarrassing, and a recent survey found that 41 % of the population considered bad breath a leading turn-off when looking for a partner. While halitosis does not end your life, it robs your confidence.

This article discusses everything you need to know about bad breath, its causes, and treatments to help you gain confidence.

Causes of Bad Breath

Poor Oral Hygiene

The most common cause of halitosis is poor oral hygiene practices. Failure to brush and floss regularly leads to plaque and bacteria buildup on the teeth, gums, and tongue. This bacterial growth produces volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs), the leading cause of halitosis.

Dry Mouth

A dry mouth (xerostomia) occurs when there is less saliva in your mouth to wash away bacteria, boosting bacteria in the mouth and causing halitosis. A dry mouth can arise from some medications or medical conditions such as diabetes, dehydration due to excessive alcohol consumption, or depression.

Medical Conditions

Several conditions can cause bad breath, like diabetes, dry mouth syndrome, sinusitis, gingivitis, or acid reflux disease.

Food and Drinks

Foods like garlic and onions can cause bad breath because they contain compounds that can remain in the mouth and digestive system for hours after consumption. While alcohol and coffee can cause dehydration, leaving you with a dry mouth and bad breath.


Tobacco products increase oral bacterium by causing dry mouth. Chemicals in cigarettes and tobacco leave an odor in the mouth and lungs that is difficult to eliminate. Tobacco can also cause gum disease, which results in bad breath.

Oral Hygiene Practices that Can Combat Halitosis

These include:

Brushing and Flossing

Brushing removes plaque and prevents dental problems. The American Dental Association recommends brushing twice daily with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Gently scrub your teeth in small circular motions for at least two minutes to remove plaque and bacteria buildup. Brush all surfaces of each tooth, including the tops and sides.

Floss at least once a day, depending on how quickly plaque builds up between your teeth and under the gums. Flossing removes plaque between teeth, which could cause gum disease if left untreated.

Clean your Tongue

Cleaning your tongue is essential in maintaining fresh breath. Although no scientific studies prove this, some scientists believe that scraping can help prevent bad breath. Gently brush your tongue with your toothbrush, or use a tongue scraper to remove bacteria from hard-to-reach areas on your tongue, which can cause bad breath. Do it daily as part of your oral hygiene routine.

Use Mouthwash

Adding mouthwash to your dental routine helps reduce bad breath by killing bacteria and neutralizing odors. Use alcohol-free mouthwash with antibacterial properties to minimize dryness and irritation.

Swish the mouthwash in your mouth for about 30 seconds, and spit. To increase effectiveness, use mouthwash after brushing and flossing.

Regular Dental Checkups

Visit your dentist every six months for professional cleanings and checkups. The dentist ensures the problem is identified and addressed before it becomes severe. Your dentist will also advise maintaining good oral hygiene and fresh breath.

Lifestyle and Dietary Changes to Help Prevent Halitosis

In addition to good oral hygiene practices, a healthy lifestyle and dietary changes can contribute to preventing halitosis.

Here are ways to keep your breath fresh:

Stay Hydrated

Drinking plenty of water throughout the day prevents dry mouth. Water washes away food particles and bacteria, keeping your mouth clean and fresh.

A Healthy Diet

A well-balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats promotes good oral health and prevents bad breath. Also, reduce your sugary and acidic foods intake, as they cause tooth decay and bad breath.

Avoid Tobacco and Excessive Alcohol Consumption

Tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption can contribute to bad breath and oral health problems. Avoiding them improves your breath and overall oral health.

Chew Sugar-Free Gum

Sugar-free gum helps stimulate saliva production, thus neutralizing bad breath. Choose products containing xylitol since research has shown that it helps reduce dental plaque and bacteria.

Foods Rich in Fiber

Consuming fibrous fruits and vegetables, such as apples, carrots, and celery, helps to clean your teeth and stimulate saliva production, reducing bad breath.

Manage Stress

Stress can contribute to bad breath by causing dry mouth and altering your oral microbiome. Incorporate stress-reducing activities like meditation, yoga, or exercise into your daily routine.

Home Remedies for Bad Breath?

These are natural and cost-effective ways to combat bad breath and promote a healthy, fresh mouth.

  • Chew on parsley, basil, or mint leaves to neutralize odors
  • Gargle with apple cider vinegar to balance pH levels and reduce bacteria
  • Sip green tea with antioxidants to fight bacteria and freshen your breath.
  • Essential oils. They are effective in combating bad breath due to antimicrobial and antibacterial properties.

Precaution of Home Remedies

While home remedies help reduce bad breath, you should follow precautions and limitations.

Consult Your Dentist

Always consult your dentist before trying home remedies, especially if you have existing dental issues or are under medications.

Don’t Substitute with Good Oral Hygiene

Home remedies should not replace regular oral hygiene practices like brushing, flossing, and dental checkups.

Allergies and Sensitivities

Use these remedies with caution and discontinue use if you experience adverse allergic reactions.

Identify Underlying Causes

Home remedies provide temporary relief for bad breath but don’t address the underlying cause of the problem. Persistent bad breath can be a sign of a serious dental or medical issue that requires professional intervention.

Conquering Bad Breath and Boost Your Confidence

Maintaining fresh breath is essential for oral health, self-confidence, and social interactions. You can combat halitosis by adopting proper oral hygiene practices, making lifestyle and dietary changes, and exploring home remedies.

Don’t overlook the significance of a fresh-smelling breath. Take action and consult your dentist. Embracing these recommendations helps improve your overall well-being while leaving a lasting impression with fresh breath.


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